|NEXEO SOLUTIONS, INC. filed this Form 10-Q on 05/10/2018|
9. Fair Value Measurements
The accounting standard for fair value measurements establishes a framework for measuring fair value that is based on the inputs market participants use to determine the fair value of an asset or liability and establishes a fair value hierarchy to prioritize those inputs. The fair value hierarchy is as follows:
The fair value hierarchy requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. Observable inputs are obtained from independent sources and can be validated by a third party, whereas unobservable inputs reflect assumptions a third party would use in pricing an asset or liability based on the best information available under the circumstances. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, which may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. The Company considers active markets as those in which transactions for the assets or liabilities occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
Fair value of financial instruments
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable and short-term borrowings approximate their fair value due to the short-term maturity of those instruments.
The carrying values of borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facilities approximate fair value at March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, primarily due to their variable interest rate. The estimated fair value of these instruments is classified by the Company as a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy due to the varying interest rate parameters as outlined in the respective loan agreements.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
In addition to the financial instruments that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company records assets and liabilities at fair value on a non-recurring basis as required by U.S. GAAP. Generally, assets are recorded at fair value on a non-recurring basis as a result of impairment charges or as part of a business combination. As discussed in Note 3, during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded non-recurring fair value measurements related to the Ultra Chem Acquisition and its asset acquisitions. These fair value measurements were classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.