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10-Q
NEXEO SOLUTIONS, INC. filed this Form 10-Q on 02/09/2017
Entire Document
 
Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ý      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2016
or 
o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the transition period from                 to             
Commission File Number: 001-36477
 
 
NEXEO SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware
 
46-5188282
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
3 Waterway Square Place, Suite 1000
The Woodlands, Texas
 
77380
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(281) 297-0700
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer   x
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer  o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  o  No  ý

As of February 3, 2017, there were 89,286,936 shares of the Company’s common stock issued and outstanding.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2


Glossary

The following terms and abbreviations appearing in the text of this report have the meanings indicated below.

2016 LTIP
The Nexeo Solutions, Inc. 2016 Long Term Incentive Plan
ABL Borrowers
Holdings, Sub Holding and Solutions together with Nexeo Solutions Canada Corporation
ABL Facility
The asset-based credit facility pursuant to that certain asset-based credit agreement by and among the ABL Borrowers, Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and the lenders party thereto and the other parties thereto
ADA Purchase Agreement
The Ashland Distribution Acquisition purchase agreement
ASC
The FASB Accounting Standards Codification
Ashland
Ashland Inc. and its subsidiaries
ASU
Accounting Standards Update issued by the FASB
Blocker
TPG Accolade Delaware, L.P.
Blocker Merger
The merger of Blocker Merger Sub into Blocker on June 9, 2016, immediately following the Company Merger, with Blocker continuing as the surviving entity
Blocker Merger Sub
Neon Acquisition Company LLC, which was a wholly-owned subsidiary of WLRH at the time of the Blocker Merger
Business Combination
The business combination between WLRH and Holdings pursuant to the Merger Agreement, which was consummated on the Closing Date
CAD
Canadian dollar
Canadian Tranche
Canadian tranche of the ABL Facility
Closing Date
June 9, 2016
Company / Successor / Nexeo
Nexeo Solutions, Inc. (f/k/a WL Ross Holding Corp.) and its consolidated subsidiaries
Company Merger
The merger of Company Merger Sub with and into Holdings consummated on June 9, 2016, with Holdings continuing as the surviving entity
Company Merger Sub
Neon Holding Company LLC, which was a wholly-owned subsidiary of WLRH at the time of the Company Merger
Credit Facilities
The ABL Facility and the Term Loan Facility, collectively
Deferred Cash Consideration
The deferred payment to be made in cash to the Selling Equityholders pursuant to the Merger Agreement, where such deferred cash payments will generally be in an amount equal to the Company’s prevailing stock price at the time that the Company pays such deferred cash payments multiplied by the number of Excess Shares or as otherwise set forth in the Merger Agreement
Distribution Business
The global distribution business purchased by the Predecessor from Ashland
DTSC
California Department of Toxic Substances Control
EBITDA
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization
EMEA
Europe, Middle East and Africa
ERP
Enterprise resource planning
Excess Shares
The 5,178,642 shares of Company common stock used to calculate the Deferred Cash Consideration payable to the Selling Equityholders pursuant to the Merger Agreement
Exchange Act
U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
FASB
Financial Accounting Standards Board
FILO Tranche
$30.0 million tranche within the ABL Facility for non-Canadian foreign subsidiaries to issue loans and letters of credit
Founder Shares
The 12,506,250 shares of Company common stock issued to the Sponsor at the time of the IPO
GDP
Gross domestic product
Holdings
Nexeo Solutions Holdings, LLC
IPO
The initial public offering of WLRH, consummated on June 11, 2014

3


Merger Agreement
Agreement and Plan of Merger, as amended, by and among WLRH, Blocker Merger Sub, Company Merger Sub, Holdings, Blocker, and New Holdco dated as of March 21, 2016
Mergers
The Company Merger and the Blocker Merger, collectively
Montgomery Lease
The Company’s leased facility in Montgomery, Illinois commencing in the first fiscal quarter of 2017
NASDAQ
NASDAQ Stock Market
New Holdco
Nexeo Holdco, LLC
Nexeo Plaschem
Nexeo Plaschem (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company
NLRB
U.S. National Labor Relations Board
Notes
8.375% Senior Subordinated Notes of the Predecessor due 2018
Other Retained Remediation Liabilities
Under the ADA Purchase Agreement, Ashland agreed to retain other environmental remediation liabilities unknown at the closing of the Ashland Distribution Acquisition related to the Distribution Business for which Ashland receives notice prior to the fifth anniversary of the closing
Performance-Based Units
Units within the Predecessor Equity Plan that vest in accordance with a performance-based schedule
Peso
Mexican peso
Predecessor
Holdings and its subsidiaries for the periods prior to the Closing Date
Predecessor ABL Facility
Holdings asset-based credit facility which was terminated in connection with the Business Combination
Predecessor Equity Plan
Predecessor restricted equity plan
Predecessor Term Loan Facility
Holdings’ senior secured term loan credit facility which was terminated in connection with the Business Combination
PSLRA
U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
PSU
Performance share unit issued under the 2016 LTIP
RCRA
U.S. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Retained Remediation Liabilities
Under the ADA Purchase Agreement, collectively, the Retained Specified Remediation Liabilities and the Other Retained Remediation Liabilities
RMB
Chinese renminbi
RSU
Restricted stock unit issued under the 2016 LTIP
Ryder
Ryder Truck Rental, Inc.
Ryder Lease
Lease Agreement entered into by and between the Predecessor and Ryder in May 2015 for certain transportation equipment
SAFE
People’s Republic of China State Administration of Foreign Exchange
SEC
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Secured Net Leverage Ratio
The ratio of Consolidated Total Indebtedness divided by EBITDA (terms as defined in the Term Loan Facility agreement)
Securities Act
U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended
Selling Equityholders
The holders of equity interests in Holdings (other than Blocker) and the holders of equity interests in Blocker, in each case, as of the time immediately prior to the Business Combination
Solutions
Nexeo Solutions, LLC
Sponsor
WL Ross Sponsor LLC, the sponsor entity of WLRH prior to the Business Combination
Term Agent
Bank of America, N.A. as administrative agent and collateral agent of the Term Loan Facility
Term Loan Facility
Term loan credit facility pursuant to that certain credit agreement by and among Holdings, Solutions, Sub Holding, the Term Agent, the other agents party thereto and the lenders party thereto
Time-Based Units
Units within the Predecessor’s Equity Plan
TPG
TPG Capital, L.P. together with its affiliates, including TPG Accolade
TPG Accolade
TPG Accolade, L.P.
TRA
The Tax Receivable Agreement entered into in connection with the Business Combination, by and between the Company and the Selling Equityholders, dated as of June 9, 2016

4


U.S.
United States of America
U.S. GAAP
U.S. Generally accepted accounting principles
U.S. Tranche
U.S. Tranche of the ABL Facility
WLRH
WL Ross Holding Corp.


5


Forward-Looking Statements

Certain information and statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the PSLRA codified at Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. This statement is included for purposes of complying with the safe harbor provisions of the PSLRA. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions, plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements that are other than statements of historical facts. These statements may be identified, without limitation, by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “may,” “will,” “could,” “would” and similar expressions. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider any such list to be a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties, and we urge you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s current expectations and assumptions about future events, and which are based on currently available information as to the timing and outcome of future events. Certain forward-looking statements are included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, principally in the section captioned “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016 filed with the SEC on December 8, 2016.
 
These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effect on us. While management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made, there can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we anticipate. Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, comments concerning our expectations for future revenues and operating results are based on our forecasts for our existing operations and do not include the potential impact of any future acquisitions. Our forward-looking statements involve significant risks and uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could have material adverse effects on our future results. Our future results will depend upon various other risks and uncertainties, including those described in the section captioned "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016 filed with the SEC on December 8, 2016. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All forward-looking statements attributable to us are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.



6


PART I
Item 1. Financial Statements

Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited, in millions, except share amounts and par value)
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
Current Assets
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
33.3

 
$
47.5

Accounts and notes receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.2 million and $1.4 million, respectively)
452.8

 
474.8

Inventories
301.1

 
315.8

Other current assets
25.7

 
25.7

Total current assets
812.9

 
863.8

 
 
 
 
Non-Current Assets
 

 
 

Property, plant and equipment, net
332.0

 
322.6

Goodwill
658.0

 
665.7

Other intangible assets, net of amortization
216.4

 
215.0

Deferred income taxes
1.0

 
1.1

Other non-current assets
10.1

 
10.7

Total non-current assets
1,217.5

 
1,215.1

Total Assets
$
2,030.4

 
$
2,078.9

 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 

 
 

Short-term borrowings, current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
$
48.1

 
$
47.7

Accounts payable
280.1

 
325.8

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
36.9

 
45.7

Income taxes payable
2.5

 
2.0

Total current liabilities
367.6

 
421.2

 
 
 
 
Non-Current Liabilities
 

 
 

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, less current portion, net
783.3

 
765.6

Deferred income taxes
18.1

 
23.1

Due to related party pursuant to contingent consideration obligations
129.0

 
118.4

Other non-current liabilities
7.2

 
5.8

Total non-current liabilities
937.6

 
912.9

Total Liabilities
1,305.2

 
1,334.1

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 13)


 


 
 
 
 
Equity
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value (1,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016)

 

Common stock, $0.0001 par value (300,000,000 shares authorized, 89,286,936 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016)

 

Additional paid-in capital
760.3

 
758.9

Accumulated deficit
(17.9
)
 
(9.6
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(17.2
)
 
(4.5
)
Total equity
725.2

 
744.8

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
2,030.4

 
$
2,078.9

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

7


Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited, in millions, except share and per share data)
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Sales and operating revenues
$
794.8

 
 
$
827.7

Cost of sales and operating expenses
710.4

 
 
732.5

Gross profit
84.4

 
 
95.2

Selling, general and administrative expenses
74.5

 
 
74.7

Transaction related costs
0.8

 
 
1.0

Change in fair value of contingent consideration obligations
10.6

 
 

Operating income (loss)
(1.5
)
 
 
19.5

Other income
2.4

 
 
1.7

Interest income (expense)


 
 


Interest income
0.1

 
 

Interest expense
(12.0
)
 
 
(15.6
)
Net income (loss) before income taxes
(11.0
)
 
 
5.6

Income tax expense (benefit)
(2.7
)
 
 
1.3

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Nexeo Solutions, Inc.
$
(8.3
)
 
 
$
4.3

 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share available to common stockholders
 
 
 
 
    Basic and diluted
(0.11
)
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
    Basic and diluted
76,746,168

 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


8


Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited, in millions)
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Net income (loss)
$
(8.3
)
 
 
$
4.3

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss, net of tax
(12.7
)
 
 
(6.7
)
Unrealized gain on interest rate hedges, net of tax

 
 
0.1

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(12.7
)
 
 
(6.6
)
Total comprehensive loss, net of tax attributable to Nexeo Solutions, Inc. (1)
$
(21.0
)
 
 
$
(2.3
)
 
(1) The tax effects for each component presented are not material.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


9


Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity
(Unaudited, in millions, except share amounts)

 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Balance at September 30, 2016
89,286,936

 
$


$
758.9


$
(9.6
)

$
(4.5
)

$
744.8

Equity-based compensation

 

 
1.4

 

 

 
1.4

Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
         Net loss

 

 

 
(8.3
)
 

 
(8.3
)
         Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(12.7
)
 
(12.7
)
Balance at December 31, 2016
89,286,936

 
$

 
$
760.3

 
$
(17.9
)
 
$
(17.2
)
 
$
725.2



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


10



Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited, in millions)
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Cash flows from operations
 

 
 
 

Net income (loss)
$
(8.3
)
 
 
$
4.3

Adjustments to reconcile to cash flows from operations:
 

 
 
 

Depreciation and amortization
16.8

 
 
13.6

Debt issuance costs amortization, debt issuance costs write-offs and original issue discount amortization
1.0

 
 
2.2

Provision for bad debt
(0.4
)
 
 
(0.1
)
Deferred income taxes
(4.3
)
 
 
0.9

Equity-based compensation expense
1.4

 
 
0.3

Change in fair value of contingent consideration obligations
10.6

 
 

(Gain)/loss on sale of property and equipment
0.1

 
 
(1.7
)
Gain related to reimbursement of certain capital expenditures incurred
(2.5
)
 
 

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 
 

Accounts and notes receivable
15.2

 
 
56.2

Inventories
10.1

 
 
7.5

Other current assets
(0.6
)
 
 
(0.2
)
Accounts payable
(38.6
)
 
 
(44.8
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(9.7
)
 
 
(19.2
)
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities, net
(0.6
)
 
 
(2.4
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
(9.8
)
 
 
16.6

Cash flows from investing activities
 

 
 
 

Additions to property and equipment
(6.6
)
 
 
(3.9
)
Proceeds from the disposal of property and equipment

 
 
1.7

Proceeds from reimbursement of certain capital expenditures incurred
2.8

 
 

Cash paid for acquisitions
(5.1
)
 
 

Net cash used in investing activities
(8.9
)
 
 
(2.2
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
Repurchases of membership units

 
 
(0.1
)
Proceeds from short-term debt
15.9

 
 
15.4

Repayments of short-term debt
(14.3
)
 
 
(12.4
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
165.1

 
 
50.2

Repayments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
(161.4
)
 
 
(136.5
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
5.3

 
 
(83.4
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(0.8
)
 
 
(0.9
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(14.2
)
 
 
(69.9
)
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period
47.5

 
 
127.7

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period
$
33.3

 
 
$
57.8

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 

 
 
 

Cash paid during the period for interest
$
11.1

 
 
$
10.2

Cash paid during the period for taxes
$
0.7

 
 
$
2.1

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Non-cash capital expenditures
$
16.4

 
 
$
14.1

Non-cash intangible assets acquired
$
3.4

 
 
$

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Non-cash capital lease obligations, net
$
13.4

 
 
$
12.8

 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

11


Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, currencies in millions, except per share amounts)
 
1. Basis of Presentation and Nature of Operations
 
Basis of Presentation

Nexeo Solutions, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”) is the result of the business combination between WLRH and Holdings.  WLRH was incorporated in Delaware on March 24, 2014 and was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. WLRH completed its IPO in June 2014, raising approximately $500.0 million in cash proceeds. WLRH neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenue prior to the Business Combination.

On the Closing Date, WLRH and Holdings and certain other parties consummated the Business Combination, pursuant to the Merger Agreement. In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, WLRH changed its name from “WL Ross Holding Corp.” to “Nexeo Solutions, Inc.” and changed the ticker symbol for its common stock on NASDAQ from “WLRH” to “NXEO”.

The Company’s financial statement presentation distinguishes a “Predecessor” for the periods prior to the Closing Date and a “Successor” for the periods after the Closing Date. In the Business Combination, Holdings was identified as the acquiree and Predecessor and WLRH, subsequently renamed “Nexeo Solutions, Inc.”, was identified as the acquirer and Successor. As a result of the application of the acquisition method of accounting as of the Closing Date, the condensed consolidated financial statements for the Predecessor period and for the Successor period are presented on a different basis and are, therefore, not comparable. See Note 3 for further discussion of the Business Combination.

           The Predecessor periods in the condensed consolidated financial statements represent the operating results of Holdings and its subsidiaries prior to the Business Combination.

           The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information. As such, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments, except as disclosed herein) considered necessary for a fair statement have been included. Results of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2017. Quarterly financial data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on December 8, 2016.

           The consolidated financial data as of September 30, 2016 presented in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements, but do not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.

Nature of Operations

The Company is a global distributor of chemicals products in North America and Asia and plastics products in North America, EMEA and Asia. In connection with the distribution of chemicals products, the Company provides value-added services such as custom blending, packaging and re-packaging, private-label manufacturing and product testing in the form of chemical analysis, product performance analysis and product development.  The Company also provides environmental services, including waste collection, recovery and arrangement for disposal services and recycling in North America, primarily in the U.S., through its Environmental Services line of business.

The Company connects a network of approximately 1,300 suppliers with a diverse base of approximately 26,700 customers. The Company offers its customers products used in a broad cross-section of end markets including household, industrial and institutional, lubricants, performance coatings (including architectural coatings, adhesives, sealants and elastomers), automotive, healthcare, personal care, oil and gas and construction. The Company distributes approximately 22,000 products into over 80 countries through a supply chain consisting of approximately 170 owned, leased or third-party warehouses, rail terminals and tank terminals globally. The Company has a private fleet of over 1,000 units, including tractors and trailers, primarily located in North America.
 

12


The Company currently employs approximately 2,550 employees globally.    
 
2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other than Inventory, which eliminates the exception that prohibits the recognition of current and deferred income tax effects for intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory until the asset has been sold to an outside party. The application of the amendments will require the use of a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company adopted this standard during the three months ended December 31, 2016 on a prospective basis and its adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations for the periods presented.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which revises the definition of a business. The amendments in this ASU specify for an acquisition to be considered a business, it must include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The amendments also further define outputs, and specify that an acquisition where the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset or group of similar assets would not constitute a business. The Company adopted this standard during the three months ended December 31, 2016 on a prospective basis and applied the amendments to the asset acquisition that occurred during the three months ended December 31, 2016. See Note 3.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The amendments in this ASU removed step two of the goodwill impairment test and specify that an entity will recognize an impairment loss for the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value. The Company is evaluating this ASU and intends to early adopt the new guidance during the second quarter of fiscal 2017.

The Company continues the evaluation of the potential effects on its financial position or results of operations of the accounting pronouncements disclosed in its consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on December 8, 2016, including ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and ASU 2016-02, Leases.

3. Acquisitions

Asset Acquisition

In December 2016, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement whereby it acquired certain customer contracts and a customer list. Additionally, in connection with this transaction, the Company entered into a supply agreement and a licensing agreement granting the Company the non-exclusive use of a certain trademark. The total consideration associated with this transaction was $8.5 million, of which $5.1 million was paid at closing. The remaining consideration will be paid in equal amounts on or before January 1, 2018 and January 1, 2019. The remaining consideration is included in Accrued expenses and other liabilities and Other non-current liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. In connection with this transaction, the Company recognized intangible assets totaling $8.5 million which are included in Other intangible assets, net of amortization on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. The acquired intangible assets will be fully amortized over estimated useful lives ranging between 10 and 13 years.

Business Combination

On June 9, 2016, the Company consummated the Business Combination pursuant to the Merger Agreement, whereby WLRH acquired Holdings (including the portion of Holdings held by Blocker) through a series of two mergers. As a result of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, Holdings and Blocker became wholly-owned subsidiaries of WLRH.


13


The purchase consideration for the Business Combination was as follows:
Cash
$
424.9

Less: cash acquired
(64.3
)
Equity
276.7

Founder Shares transferred to Selling Equityholders
30.2

Contingent consideration - Fair value of Deferred Cash Consideration
45.4

Contingent consideration - Fair value of TRA
84.2

Total purchase consideration(1)
$
797.1


(1) In addition to the total purchase consideration above, the Company assumed the outstanding indebtedness of the Predecessor, including related accrued interest through the Closing Date, totaling $774.3 million. The proceeds of the Credit Facilities were used to repay such indebtedness and accrued interest immediately following the consummation of the Business Combination.

Contingent Consideration - Deferred Cash Consideration

The contingent consideration associated with the Deferred Cash Consideration will be an amount in cash equal to the prevailing price of the Company’s common stock at the time that the Company pays such deferred cash payment multiplied by the number of Excess Shares (5,178,642 Excess Shares as of December 31, 2016).  Based on the terms of the Excess Shares, certain circumstances require the Company to pay all or a portion of the Deferred Cash Consideration to the Selling Equityholders, where such cash amount is calculated as set forth in the Merger Agreement, including (i) where the volume weighted average trading price of the Company’s common stock for any period of 20 trading days in any 30 trading day period exceeds $15.00 per share, and (ii) if any Excess Shares remain on June 30, 2021. If any Excess Shares remain on June 30, 2021, the Company must elect to either (i) within five business days of such date, pay the Selling Equityholders an amount in cash equal to the product of the number of remaining Excess Shares multiplied by the volume weighted-average trading price for the 20 trading day period immediately preceding such date or (ii) use reasonable best efforts to sell such shares to a third party in a primary offering and pay the gross proceeds thereof (less any underwriting discounts and commissions) to the Selling Equityholders. However, to the extent the number of shares issued in such offerings does not equal the full amount of Excess Shares remaining at the time of the offering, the Company’s obligations with respect to any remaining Excess Shares, including the obligation to continue to complete any necessary additional offerings, shall continue.

In order to estimate the fair value of the Deferred Cash Consideration, the Company estimates the value of the Excess Shares using a Monte Carlo simulation model. The estimated fair value of the Deferred Cash Consideration liability as of the Closing Date was $45.4 million. See Note 9.

Contingent Consideration - TRA

Concurrent with the completion of the Business Combination, the Company incurred the liability for the contingent consideration related to the TRA, which reflects amounts owed to the Selling Equityholders. This liability generally provides for the payment by the Company to the Selling Equityholders of 85% of the net cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income taxes that the Company actually realizes (or is deemed to realize in certain circumstances) in periods after the Closing Date as a result of (i) certain increases in tax basis resulting from the Company Merger, (ii) certain tax attributes of Holdings existing prior to the Mergers, (iii) net operating losses and certain other tax attributes of Blocker available to the Company as a result of the Blocker Merger and (iv) imputed interest deemed to be paid by the Company as a result of, and additional tax basis arising from, payments the Company makes under the TRA. The Company will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of the net cash savings, if any. The Company estimated the fair value of the TRA liability based on a discounted cash flow model which incorporates assumptions of projected taxable income, projected income tax liabilities and an estimate of tax benefits expected to be realized as a result of the Business Combination. The estimated fair value of the TRA liability as of the Closing Date was $84.2 million. The undiscounted cash flows associated with the TRA liability as of the Closing Date were estimated to be between $180.0 million and $220.0 million over the time period during which the tax benefits are expected to be realized, currently estimated at over 20 years.


14


The amount and timing of any payments due under the TRA will vary depending upon a number of factors, including the amount and timing of the taxable income the Company generates in the future and the U.S. federal, state and local income tax rates then applicable. In addition, payments made under the TRA will give rise to additional tax benefits for the Company and therefore additional potential payments due under the TRA. The term of the TRA commenced upon the consummation of the Mergers and will continue until all tax benefits that are subject to the TRA have been utilized or expired, unless the Company exercises its right to terminate the TRA early. If the Company elects to terminate the TRA early, its obligations under the TRA would accelerate and it generally would be required to make an immediate payment equal to the present value of the anticipated future payments to be made by it under the TRA, calculated in accordance with certain valuation assumptions set forth in the TRA.

The liabilities related to the Deferred Cash Consideration and the TRA are included in Due to related party pursuant to contingent consideration obligations on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Preliminary Purchase Consideration Allocation

The Business Combination is accounted for under the acquisition method, with WLRH determined to be the accounting acquirer of Holdings, which requires the Company to perform an allocation of the purchase consideration to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase consideration over the estimated fair values is recorded as goodwill. The following table summarizes the Company’s preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration to assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Closing Date:
 
Preliminary Purchase Consideration
Allocation
Accounts receivable
$
470.0

Inventory
328.5

Other current assets
25.8

Property, plant and equipment
328.3

Customer-related intangible
201.0

Trade name
21.0

Below-market leases
0.7

Other non-current assets
3.2

Deferred tax assets
1.2

Goodwill
666.9

Total assets acquired
2,046.6

 
 

Short-term borrowings and current portion of capital leases
40.6

Accounts payable
335.9

Other current liabilities
52.8

Long-term portion of capital leases
23.0

Long-term debt
767.3

Deferred tax liability
24.4

Other non-current liabilities
5.5

Total liabilities assumed
1,249.5

 
 

Net assets acquired
$
797.1


During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded an adjustment to the fair value of accounts payable of $2.1 million. The total purchase consideration allocation above is preliminary as the Company has not yet completed the necessary fair value assessments, including the assessments of property, plant and equipment, intangibles and the related tax impacts on these items. Any changes within the measurement period may change the amount of the purchase consideration allocable to goodwill. The fair value and tax impact assessments are to be completed within twelve months of the Closing Date, and could have a material impact on the components of the total purchase consideration allocation.

Transaction costs incurred by the Company associated with the Business Combination were $0.8 million and $1.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

15



A summary and description of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities fair valued in conjunction with applying the acquisition method of accounting follows:
 
Accounts Receivable
 
Accounts receivable consists of receivables related to the customers of the acquired business, as well as various other miscellaneous receivables. The accounts receivable and other miscellaneous receivables were recorded at their approximate fair value based on expected collections of the Predecessor. Accordingly, accounts receivable included an adjustment of $4.1 million to reduce gross receivables to their net value after consideration of expected uncollectable amounts at the Closing Date.
 
Inventory
 
Inventory consists primarily of finished products to be distributed to the acquired business’s customers. The fair value of inventory was established through application of the income approach, using estimates of selling prices and costs such as selling and marketing expenses to be incurred in order to dispose of the finished products and arriving at the future profitability that is expected to be generated once the inventory is sold (net realizable value). The inventory fair value step up of $13.8 million was recognized in income during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016, which is included in Cost of sales and operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
 
Other Current Assets
 
Other current assets consist primarily of prepaid expenses, which did not have a fair value adjustment as part of acquisition accounting since their carrying value approximated fair value.

Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment consists primarily of: 42 owned distribution locations in the U.S., Puerto Rico and Canada; 11 leased locations in the U.S., Canada, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Europe and China (excluding third-party operated warehouses); office equipment and other similar assets used in the Predecessor's operations. The allocation of the purchase consideration for property, plant and equipment was based on the fair market value of such assets determined using the cost approach. The cost approach consisted of estimating the fixed assets’ replacement cost less all forms of depreciation. The fair value of land was determined using the comparable sales approach. The fair value adjustment to property, plant and equipment was $96.1 million. The Company's assessment of replacement cost of certain property and equipment is preliminary, and will be completed within twelve months of the Closing Date.

Customer-Related Intangible
 
Customer relationships were valued through the application of the income approach. Under this approach, revenue, operating expenses and other costs associated with existing customers were estimated in order to derive cash flows attributable to the existing customer relationships. The resulting estimated cash flows were then discounted to present value to arrive at the fair value of existing customer relationships as of the valuation date. The value associated with customer relationships will be amortized on a straight-line basis over a 12-year period, which represents the approximate point in the projection period in which a majority of the asset’s cash flows are expected to be realized based on assumed attrition rates. The Company recognized $201.0 million for these intangible assets as part of the preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration. The Company's assessment of the expected future cash flows related to the customer intangibles is preliminary, and will be completed within twelve months of the Closing Date.
 
Trade Name
 
The "Nexeo" trade name was valued through application of the income approach, involving the estimation of likely future sales and an estimated royalty rate reflective of the rate that a market participant would pay to use the Nexeo name. The fair value of this asset will be amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of four years, estimated based on the period in which the Company expects a market participant would use the name prior to rebranding and the length of time the name would be expected to maintain recognition and value in the marketplace. The Company recognized $21.0 million for this intangible asset as part of the preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration. The Company's assessment of these future cash flows is preliminary and will be completed within twelve months of the Closing Date.
 

16


Below-Market Leases

The Company recognized an intangible asset related to favorable lease terms of certain properties under operating leases where rental payments were determined to be less than current market rates. The intangible asset will be amortized over the remaining life of the operating leases, which ranges from one to seven years. The Company recognized $0.7 million for this intangible asset as part of the preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration.

Other non-current assets
 
Other non-current assets acquired represent certain long-term deposits, which did not have a fair value adjustment as part of acquisition accounting since their carrying value approximated fair value.

Goodwill
 
Goodwill represents the excess of the total purchase consideration over the fair value of the underlying net assets acquired, largely arising from the workforce and extensive efficient distribution network that has been established by the acquired business. Of the total amount of goodwill recognized as part of the preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration above, the Company expects approximately $191.5 million to be deductible for tax purposes as of December 31, 2016. As the fair value assessments of the acquired assets and liabilities are finalized within twelve months of the Closing Date, the amount of goodwill recognized as of the Closing Date is subject to change.
 
Short-term borrowings and current portion of capital leases

Short-term borrowings and current portion of capital leases includes short term borrowings of Nexeo Plaschem and the current portion of capital leases, which did not have a fair value adjustment as part of acquisition accounting since their carrying value approximated fair value.

Accounts Payable
 
Accounts payable represent short-term obligations owed to the vendors of the acquired business, which were assumed in the Business Combination. These obligations did not have a fair value adjustment as part of acquisition accounting since their carrying value approximated fair value.
 
Other Current Liabilities
 
Other current liabilities represent primarily accrued expenses, including accrued payroll, accrued interest on long-term debt, certain accrued taxes and various other liabilities arising out of the normal operations of the acquired business. The majority of these liabilities did not have a fair value adjustment because their carrying value approximated fair value. However, no fair value was recognized for certain recorded liabilities that did not meet the definition of a liability under the acquisition method of accounting.
 
Long-term Portion of Capital Leases

The long-term portion of capital leases includes the non-current portion of capital leases for machinery and equipment, which did not have a fair value adjustment as part of acquisition accounting since their carrying value approximated fair value.

Long-term Debt

Long-term debt represents the outstanding principal balance at the Closing Date of the Predecessor Term Loan Facility and the Notes which did not have a fair value adjustment as part of acquisition accounting since the carrying value approximated fair value.


17


Deferred Taxes
 
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are attributable to the difference between the estimated fair values allocated to inventory, property, plant and equipment and identified intangibles acquired for financial reporting purposes and the amounts determined for tax reporting purposes and give rise to temporary differences.  The deferred tax assets and liabilities will reverse in future periods or have reversed as the related tangible and intangible assets are amortized, acquired inventory is sold, or if goodwill is impaired. The estimates of the deferred taxes are preliminary as they are dependent on the final fair values allocated to property, plant and equipment and identified intangibles.  Additionally, the Company’s entity structure includes several partnerships.  The estimates of deferred taxes are preliminary as the evaluation of the tax basis of each individual partner's interest in the partnerships has not been fully completed.

Unaudited Consolidated Pro Forma Financial Information
 
The consolidated pro forma results presented below include the effects of the Business Combination as if they had occurred as of October 1, 2014, the beginning of the fiscal year prior to the year the Business Combination was consummated.  The consolidated pro forma results reflect certain adjustments related to this acquisition, primarily the amortization expense associated with estimates for the acquired intangible assets, depreciation expense based on the new fair value of property, plant and equipment, transaction costs, interest expense and income taxes.

The consolidated pro forma financial information below is not necessarily indicative of either future results of operations or results that might have been achieved had the Business Combination been completed on October 1, 2014.

 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2016
 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2015
Sales and operating revenues
$
794.8

 
$
827.7

Operating income (loss)
(0.8
)
 
6.5

Net loss from continuing operations
(7.8
)
 
(2.4
)
Net loss
(7.8
)
 
(2.4
)
Basic and diluted net loss per share
(0.10
)
 
(0.03
)

For all periods presented above, the basic and diluted net loss per share amounts were computed using weighted average shares outstanding of 76,746,168, which assumes all shares issued as a result of the Business Combination would have been issued on October 1, 2014. There were 12,476,250 Founder Shares not included in the basic or diluted computations because market conditions are assumed to be not satisfied. Additionally, 1,582,500 outstanding PSU awards were not included in the computation of diluted shares outstanding because performance targets and/or market conditions are assumed not to have been met for these awards. Diluted shares outstanding also did not include 25,012,500 shares based on the exercise of 50,025,000 warrants because the warrants were out-of-the-money, and the 64,518 shares of unvested restricted stock awards issued to directors were not included as their impact on the Company’s pro forma net loss would have been anti-dilutive. Additionally, the 28,000 RSUs granted during the three months ended December 31, 2016 were not included in the computation of pro forma diluted shares outstanding as their impact on the Company’s pro forma net loss would have been anti-dilutive.

4. Certain Balance Sheet Information

Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents were $33.3 million as of December 31, 2016 and $47.5 million as of September 30, 2016. These amounts included the following:
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
Cash held by foreign subsidiaries
$
28.8

 
$
41.9

Non-U.S. dollar denominated currency held by foreign subsidiaries
$
25.3

 
$
36.9

Currency denominated in RMB
$
9.0

 
$
6.5



18


Non-U.S. dollar denominated currency held by foreign subsidiaries was primarily in euros and RMB. While the RMB is convertible into U.S. dollars, foreign exchange transactions are subject to approvals from SAFE. The Company does not anticipate any significant adverse impact to overall liquidity from potential limitations on the transfer or conversion of cash and cash equivalents.

Inventories

Inventories at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 consisted of the following:
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
Finished products
$
296.6

 
$
311.7

Supplies
4.5

 
4.1

Total
$
301.1

 
$
315.8


The Company’s inventories in the U.S. and Canada are collateral under the Credit Facilities.

Other Non-Current Assets

Other non-current assets at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 consisted of the following:
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
Debt issuance costs of the ABL Facility
$
6.1

 
$
6.4

Other
4.0

 
4.3

Total
$
10.1

 
$
10.7


Amortization of debt issuance costs related to the ABL Facility recorded in Interest expense in the condensed consolidated statement of operations was $0.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2016. Amortization of debt issuance costs related to the Predecessor ABL Facility recorded in interest expense was $0.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015.

5. Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 consisted of the following:
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
Land
$
50.3

 
$
50.4

Plants and buildings
103.4

 
89.8

Machinery and equipment (1)
132.9

 
130.5

Software and computer equipment
49.3

 
49.0

Construction in progress
20.5

 
16.5

Total
356.4

 
336.2

Less accumulated depreciation (2)
(24.4
)
 
(13.6
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
332.0

 
$
322.6


(1) Includes $39.0 million and $25.2 million, respectively, related to facilities and equipment acquired under capital leases.
(2) Includes $1.8 million and $1.1 million, respectively, related to facilities and equipment acquired under capital leases.

Depreciation expense recognized on the property, plant and equipment described above was as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Depreciation expense
$
11.2

 
 
$
9.7


19



Included in the carrying value of property, plant and equipment in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets are certain closed facilities located in the U.S., which collectively have a carrying value of $1.1 million as of December 31, 2016 and $1.2 million as of September 30, 2016. The facilities do not currently meet the criteria for held-for-sale classification; accordingly, they remain classified as held and used.

Facility Lease

The Company’s sale of its Franklin Park facility to the Illinois Tollway Authority under an eminent domain proceeding was completed in September 2016.

As a result of the sale of this facility, the Company is relocating operations to a new leased facility in Montgomery, Illinois. The Montgomery Lease has a term of 15 years, with annual payments beginning at $1.1 million per year, excluding executory costs, and annual escalations of 2.5% per year. The Montgomery Lease includes three renewal options of five years each. The Montgomery Lease is accounted for as a capital lease and began in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 at an initial cost of $13.2 million. In connection with the relocation of these operations, the Company has incurred and will incur certain capital expenditures for which it has received and will receive reimbursements from the Illinois Tollway Authority. During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company received proceeds and recorded a gain of $2.5 million related to such capital expenditures incurred to date, which is included in Other Income on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

6. Goodwill and Other Intangibles

Goodwill
 
The following is a progression of goodwill by reportable segment: 

 
Chemicals
 
Plastics
 
Other
 
Total
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
331.6

 
$
271.1

 
$
63.0

 
$
665.7

Measurement period adjustment
(1.3
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(2.1
)
Foreign currency translation
(0.3
)
 
(5.3
)
 

 
(5.6
)
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
330.0

 
$
265.2

 
$
62.8

 
$
658.0


Goodwill amounts by reportable segment at December 31, 2016 are based on the preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration of the Business Combination as of the Closing Date. Accordingly, the amounts allocated to goodwill are subject to adjustments to reflect the completion of the purchase price allocation, which will be completed within twelve months of the Closing Date and could have a material impact on total goodwill and goodwill by reportable segment. See Note 3.

Goodwill Impairment Test
 
Goodwill is tested for impairment annually as of March 31 and whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment at the reporting unit level, or operating segment, for the Company.

Significant management judgment is required in the estimates and assumptions made for purposes of the Company’s goodwill impairment testing. If actual results differ from these estimates and assumptions or market conditions materially change, the analysis could be negatively impacted and could result in an impairment charge in future periods.


20


Other Intangible Assets

During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company recognized a new intangible asset class. See Note 3. Definite-lived intangible assets at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 consisted of the following:

 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
 
Estimated
Useful Life
(years)
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
Customer-related
12
 
$
198.6

 
$
(9.3
)
 
$
189.3

 
$
200.3

 
$
(5.2
)
 
$
195.1

Trade name
4
 
21.0

 
(2.9
)
 
18.1

 
21.0

 
(1.7
)
 
19.3

Below-market leases
1-7
 
0.7

 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
0.7

 
(0.1
)
 
0.6

Asset purchase - acquired intangibles
10-13
 
8.5

 

 
8.5

 

 

 

Total
 
 
$
228.8

 
$
(12.4
)
 
$
216.4

 
$
222.0

 
$
(7.0
)
 
$
215.0


Amortization expense recognized on the intangible assets described above was as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Amortization expense
$
5.6

 
 
$
3.9


7. Debt
 
Short-term borrowings outstanding and the current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 are summarized below:
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
Short-term borrowings
$
39.0

 
$
38.4

Current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
9.1

 
9.3

Total short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations, net
$
48.1

 
$
47.7


Long-term debt outstanding at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 is summarized below:
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
ABL Facility
$
123.7

 
$
117.7

Term Loan Facility
651.7

 
653.4

Capital lease obligations (1)
37.3

 
24.8

Total long-term debt
812.7

 
795.9

Less: unamortized debt discount (2)
(3.0
)
 
(3.2
)
Less: debt issuance costs (3)
(17.3
)
 
(17.8
)
Less: current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
(9.1
)
 
(9.3
)
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, less current portion, net
$
783.3

 
$
765.6


(1) 
Capital lease obligations exclude executory costs and interest payments associated with the underlying leases. See “Capital Lease Obligations” below.
(2) 
The unamortized debt discount is related to the Term Loan Facility and amortized to interest expense over the life of the instrument using the effective interest rate method.
(3) 
See discussion below under Term Loan Facility and Debt Issuance Cost Amortization.


21


Short-Term Borrowings
 
The Company’s short-term borrowings are associated with the Company’s operations in China and are summarized below:
 
 
Facility Limit
 
Outstanding Borrowings Balance
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate on Borrowings
 
Outstanding LOC and Bankers’ Acceptance Bills
 
Remaining Availability
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bank of America - China (1)
 
$
28.4

 
$
27.3

 
4.1
%
 
$

 
$
1.1

Bank of Communications - China (2)
 
21.6

 
11.7

 
5.2
%
 
9.8

 
0.1

Total
 
$
50.0

 
$
39.0

 
 
 
$
9.8

 
$
1.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bank of America - China (1)
 
$
28.4

 
$
27.3

 
4.0
%
 
$

 
$
1.1

Bank of Communications - China (2)
 
22.5

 
11.1

 
5.2
%
 
10.5

 
0.9

Total
 
$
50.9

 
$
38.4

 
 
 
$
10.5

 
$
2.0


(1)  
The borrowing limit of this facility is denominated in U.S. dollars. This line of credit is secured by a standby letter of credit drawn on the ABL Facility covering at least 110% of the facility’s borrowing limit amount. Borrowings under the line of credit are payable in full within 12 months of the date of the advance.
(2)
The borrowing limit of this facility is denominated in RMB. This line of credit is secured by a standby letter of credit drawn on the ABL Facility covering at least 100% of the facility’s borrowing limit amount. Borrowings under the line of credit are payable in full within 12 months of the date of the advance.

Long-Term Debt

ABL Facility

The ABL Facility provides for revolving credit financing including a U.S. Tranche of up to $505.0 million, a Canadian Tranche of up to the U.S. dollar equivalent of $40.0 million and a FILO Tranche up to $30.0 million. Provided no default or event of default then exists or would arise therefrom, the ABL Borrowers have the option to request that the ABL Facility be increased by an aggregate amount, when included with any incremental borrowings issued under the Term Loan Facility, not to exceed $175.0 million.

Borrowings under the U.S. Tranche and the Canadian Tranche of the ABL Facility bear interest, at the ABL Borrowers’ option, at either an alternate base rate or Canadian prime rate, as applicable, plus an applicable margin (ranging from 0.25% to 0.75% pursuant to a grid based on average excess availability) or LIBOR or Canadian BA rate (as defined therein), as applicable, plus an applicable margin (ranging from 1.25% to 1.75% pursuant to a grid based on average excess availability). Loans under the FILO Tranche, within the ABL Facility, bear interest at an alternate base rate plus an applicable margin (ranging from 1.00% to 1.50% pursuant to a grid based on average excess availability) or LIBOR plus an applicable margin (ranging from 2.00% to 2.50% pursuant to a grid based on average excess availability). In addition to paying interest on outstanding principal amounts under the ABL Facility, the ABL Borrowers are required to pay a commitment fee in respect of the unutilized commitments, which commitment fee is 0.250% or 0.375% per annum and is determined based on average utilization of the ABL Facility (increasing when utilization is low and decreasing when utilization is high). The ABL Borrowers are required to pay customary letters of credit fees.

The weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the ABL Facility was 2.25% at December 31, 2016. Solutions had the U.S. dollar equivalent of $74.3 million in outstanding letters of credit under the ABL Facility at December 31, 2016. The collective credit availability under the U.S. and Canadian Tranches of the ABL Facility was the U.S. equivalent of $222.8 million at December 31, 2016. There was $0.5 million availability under the FILO Tranche at December 31, 2016. The ABL Facility matures on June 9, 2021.


22


Obligations under the ABL Facility are secured by a first priority lien on all ABL first lien collateral, including eligible inventory and accounts receivable of the ABL Borrowers, and a second priority lien on all Term Loan first lien collateral including outstanding equity interests of the Borrower and certain of the other subsidiaries of Holdings, in each case, subject to certain limitations; provided, that no ABL Facility first lien collateral or Term Loan Facility first lien collateral owned by the Canadian Borrower secure the obligations owing under the U.S. tranche of the ABL Facility. These accounts receivable and inventory totaled $566.2 million in the aggregate as of December 31, 2016.

Fees paid to the lenders during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016 in connection with the ABL Facility totaled $6.8 million and were recorded as debt issuance costs in Other non-current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets to be amortized as interest expense over the remaining term of the ABL Facility. See Note 4.

As of December 31, 2016, the ABL Borrowers were in compliance with the covenants of the ABL Facility.

Term Loan Facility

The Term Loan Facility provides secured debt financing in an aggregate principal amount of up to $655.0 million and the right, at Solutions’ option, to request additional tranches of term loans in an aggregate principal amount, when included with any incremental borrowings issued under the ABL Facility, of up to $175.0 million, plus unlimited additional amounts such that the aggregate principal amount of indebtedness outstanding at the time of incurrence does not cause the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, calculated on a pro forma basis, to exceed 4.1 to 1.0. Availability of such additional tranches of term loans is subject to the absence of any default and, among other things, the receipt of commitments by existing or additional financial institutions. Borrowings under the Term Loan Facility bear interest at the borrower’s option at either (i) the LIBOR rate determined by reference to the costs of funds for U.S. dollar deposits for the interest period relevant to such borrowing adjusted for certain additional costs, which shall be no less than 1.0%, plus an applicable margin of 4.25% or (ii) a base rate determined by reference to the highest of (a) the prime commercial lending rate published by Bank of America, N.A. as its "prime rate," (b) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50% and (c) a one-month LIBOR rate plus 1.0%, plus an applicable margin of 3.25%. Commencing with the quarter ended September 30, 2016, Solutions is required to make scheduled quarterly payments in an aggregate annual amount equal to 1.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the initial term loans made on the Closing Date of the Mergers, with the balance due at maturity. The interest rate for the Term Loan Facility was 5.25% at December 31, 2016. The Company amortized $0.2 million of debt discount to interest expense during the three months ended December 31, 2016. The Term Loan Facility matures on June 9, 2023.
 
Additionally, the Term Loan Facility agreement requires Solutions to make mandatory principal payments on an annual basis, with the first required calculation determined at fiscal year end (September 30, 2017), if cash flows for the year, as defined in the Term Loan Facility exceed certain levels specified in the Term Loan Facility. Solutions generally has the right to prepay loans in whole or in-part, without incurring any penalties for early payment.
 
As of December 31, 2016, Solutions was in compliance with the covenants of the Term Loan Facility.

Obligations under the Term Loan Facility are secured by a first priority lien on all Term Loan first lien collateral, including outstanding equity interests of the Borrower and certain of the other subsidiaries of Holdings, and a second priority lien on all ABL first lien collateral, including accounts receivable and inventory of the loan parties under the Term Loan Facility, subject to certain limitations.

Fees paid to the lenders during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016 in connection with the Term Loan Facility totaled $18.5 million and were recorded as a reduction of the debt balance to be amortized as interest expense over the remaining term of the Term Loan Facility.

Debt Issuance Cost Amortization

Amortization expense included in interest expense related to debt issuance costs of the Term Loan Facility was $0.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2016. Amortization expense included in interest expense related to debt issuance costs of the Predecessor Term Loan Facility and the Notes were $1.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015.


23


Capital Lease Obligations

The capital lease obligation balance of $37.3 million as of December 31, 2016 is primarily associated with the Ryder Lease and the Montgomery Lease. The Ryder Lease obligation excludes decreasing annual interest payments ranging from $1.1 million to $0.4 million, for aggregate interest payments totaling $4.5 million. The Montgomery Lease obligation excludes decreasing annual interest payments ranging from $1.0 million to $0.1 million, for aggregate interest payments of $14.4 million. See Note 5.

8. Derivatives
 
Prior to the Business Combination, the Predecessor was a party to interest rate swap agreements of varying expiration dates through March 2017, to help manage the exposure to interest rate risk related to the variable-rate Predecessor Term Loan Facility. The interest rate swaps were accounted for as cash flow hedges. Accordingly, gains or losses resulting from changes in the fair value of the swaps were recorded in other comprehensive income to the extent that the swaps are effective as hedges. Gains and losses resulting from changes in the fair value applicable to the ineffective portion, if any, were reflected in income. Gains and losses recorded in other comprehensive income were reclassified into and recognized in income when the interest expense on the Predecessor Term Loan Facility was recognized. During the three months ended December 31, 2015 the Predecessor reclassified $0.2 million into and recognized in income realized losses on the interest rate swaps, which were recorded in interest expense. The Predecessor recorded $0.1 million in unrealized gains on the interest rate swaps (net of reclassification into income) for the three months ended December 31, 2015, which was recorded in other comprehensive income. No new interest rate swap agreements have been entered into.
 
See Note 9 for additional information on the fair value of the Predecessor’s derivative instruments.

9. Fair Value Measurements
 
The accounting standard for fair value measurements establishes a framework for measuring fair value that is based on the inputs market participants use to determine the fair value of an asset or liability and establishes a fair value hierarchy to prioritize those inputs. The fair value hierarchy is as follows:
 
● Level 1—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

● Level 2—Quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
 
● Level 3—Prices or valuation models that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and less observable for objective sources (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).
 
The fair value hierarchy requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. Observable inputs are obtained from independent sources and can be validated by a third party, whereas unobservable inputs reflect assumptions a third party would use in pricing an asset or liability based on the best information available under the circumstances. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, which may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. The Company considers active markets as those in which transactions for the assets or liabilities occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Fair value of financial instruments

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable and short-term borrowings approximate their fair value due to the short-term maturity of those instruments.
 
The carrying values of borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facilities approximate fair value at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, primarily due to their variable interest rate. The estimated fair value of these instruments is classified by the Company as a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy due to the varying interest rate parameters as outlined in the respective loan agreements.
 

24


Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis

In addition to the financial instruments that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company records assets and liabilities at fair value on a non-recurring basis as required by U.S. GAAP. Generally, assets are recorded at fair value on a non-recurring basis as a result of impairment charges or as part of a business combination. As discussed in Note 3, during the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded non-recurring fair value measurements related to its asset acquisition. In addition, in the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded non-recurring fair value measurements related to the Business Combination. These fair value measurements were classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

Contingent Consideration

The fair value of the contingent consideration related to the Deferred Cash Consideration as discussed in Note 3 was $42.9 million and $35.0 million as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, respectively. The measurement of the contingent consideration related to the Deferred Cash Consideration is classified by the Company as a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. In order to estimate the fair value of the Deferred Cash Consideration, the Company estimates the value of the Excess Shares using a Monte Carlo simulation model with the market price of the Company’s common stock at each valuation date being a significant input to this model. Unobservable inputs to the valuation are the expected volatility during the applicable period as well as a marketability discount to reflect the illiquidity of the Excess Shares given their terms. An increase in the market price of the Company’s common stock has the same directional effect on the value of the liability related to the Deferred Cash Consideration. An increase in the volatility and marketability discount will lower the value of the liability related to the Deferred Cash Consideration.

The fair value of the liability for the contingent consideration related to the TRA as discussed in Note 3 was $86.1 million and $83.4 million as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, respectively. The liability for the contingent consideration related to the TRA is classified by the Company as a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. The Company estimates the fair value of the liability for the contingent consideration related to the TRA based on a discounted cash flow model which incorporates assumptions of projected taxable income, projected income tax liabilities and an estimate of tax benefits expected to be realized as a result of the Business Combination. Key inputs to the valuation are prevailing tax rates and market interest rates impacting the discount rate. An increase in the discount rate will lower the value of the liability related to the TRA and an increase in prevailing tax rates will increase the value of the liability related to the TRA.

Changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligations for the three months ended December 31, 2016 are included in Operating income (loss) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations and were as follows:
 
TRA
 
Deferred Cash Consideration
 
Total Fair Value
Contingent consideration as of September 30, 2016
$
83.4

 
$
35.0

 
$
118.4

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
2.7

 
7.9

 
10.6

Contingent consideration as of December 31, 2016
$
86.1

 
$
42.9

 
$
129.0


Significant changes in the estimates and inputs used in determining the fair value of the contingent consideration could have a material impact on the amounts recognized as a component of Operating income (loss) in future periods.

Predecessor Interest Rate Swaps

Prior to the Business Combination, the Predecessor was a party to interest rate swap agreements of varying expiration dates through March 2017 to help manage the Predecessor’s exposure to interest rate risk related to its variable-rate Predecessor Term Loan Facility. At December 31, 2015, the Company recorded $0.3 million in Accrued expenses and other liabilities and less than $0.1 million in Other non-current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet related to these instruments.

As a result of the Business Combination, the Predecessor Term Loan Facility was extinguished and the related interest rate swap agreements were terminated. No new interest rate swap agreements have been put in place to manage interest rate exposure associated with the Term Loan Facility.

During the three months ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company and the Predecessor did not have any transfers between Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 fair value measurements.

25



10. Share-based Compensation and Employee Benefit Plans

On June 8, 2016, the Company’s stockholders approved the 2016 LTIP, with an effective date of March 30, 2016, covering approximately a ten-year period. No awards may be granted after March 20, 2026. The 2016 LTIP permits the grant of up to 9,000,000 shares of common stock for various types of awards to employees, directors and consultants of the Company or its subsidiaries, including incentive and non-incentive stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, dividend equivalents, stock awards, conversion awards and performance awards.
 
Vesting conditions of awards under the 2016 LTIP are determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company, including treatment upon the occurrence of a change of control of the Company. Upon a change of control, the Compensation Committee has the discretion to remove forfeiture restrictions, accelerate vesting, require recipients of awards to surrender the awards for cash consideration, cancel unvested awards without payment of consideration, cause any surviving entity to assume and continue any outstanding awards, or make other such adjustments as the Compensation Committee deems appropriate to reflect such change of control.

If any change is made to the Company’s capitalization, appropriate adjustments will be made by the Compensation Committee as to the number and price of shares awarded under the 2016 LTIP, the securities covered by such awards, the aggregate number of shares of common stock of the Company available for the issuance of awards under the 2016 LTIP and the maximum annual per person compensation limits on share-based awards under the 2016 LTIP.

Other than in connection with a change in capitalization or other transaction where an adjustment is permitted or required under the terms of the 2016 LTIP, the Compensation Committee is prohibited from making any adjustment or approving any amendment that reduces or would have the effect of reducing the exercise price of a stock option or stock appreciation right previously granted under the 2016 LTIP unless the Company’s stockholders have approved such adjustment or amendment.
 
In each calendar year during any part of which the 2016 LTIP is in effect, an employee may not receive awards under the plan in excess of 1,000,000 shares of common stock, or a value of greater than $12.0 million if an award is to be paid in cash or if settlement is not based on shares of common stock, in each case, multiplied by the number of full or partial calendar years in any performance period established with respect to an award, if applicable. A non-employee member of the Board of Directors of the Company may not be granted awards with a cumulative value of greater than $1.0 million during any calendar year for services rendered in their capacity as a director. This limit does not apply to grants made to a non-employee director for other reasons not related to their services as a director.

During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company granted 50,000 PSUs to an employee. The performance aspect of the PSUs vests on June 30, 2019, entitling the recipient to receive a certain number of shares of the Company’s common stock, based on the Company’s achievement of the performance goals included in the PSUs. Depending on the performance of the Company’s common stock during the approximate three-year performance period, a recipient of the award is entitled to receive a number of common shares equal to a percentage, ranging from 0% to 200%, of the initial award granted, with a 35% total shareholder return entitling the recipient to receive 100% of the award granted. As a result, the Company may issue up to 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock related to these awards. If the Company’s total shareholder return for the performance period is negative, then the number of units ultimately awarded is based on the Company’s achievement of its cumulative Adjusted EBITDA target, as defined by the PSU agreement, during the performance period. If total shareholder return is between negative 15% and 0%, a recipient is entitled to receive a number of shares of stock between 50% and 70% of the number of PSUs granted. If the cumulative Adjusted EBTIDA target is not met, or the total shareholder return is less than negative 15%, no shares of the Company’s common stock will be issued. The Company used the Monte Carlo simulation model to estimate the fair value of the PSU awards at the grant date, considering the probability of satisfying the various performance criteria. The resulting grant date fair value is recognized as expense on a straight-line basis from the grant date through the end of the performance period. The assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation model for PSUs included an expected stock price volatility of 40% based on a peer group of similar companies, an expected dividend yield of 0%, an expected term of approximately three years, and a risk-free interest rate of 0.93%.


26


The following table summarizes PSU activity during the three months ended December 31, 2016:
 
PSUs
 
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
Per Unit
Unvested PSUs at September 30, 2016
1,542,500

 
$
9.12

Grants
50,000

 
6.09

Vested

 

Forfeited/Canceled
(10,000
)
 
9.13

Unvested PSUs at December 31, 2016
1,582,500

 
$
9.02


The PSU awards are accounted for as equity instruments, and the Company recognized compensation expense of $1.1 million as a component of Selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2016 related to the PSUs. As of December 31, 2016, the outstanding PSUs had a weighted-average remaining contract life of 2.6 years. As of December 31, 2016, there was $11.2 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested PSUs.

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016, the Company also granted 64,518 shares of restricted stock to certain of the Company's non-employee directors under the 2016 LTIP. The restricted stock will vest on the anniversary of the grant date provided the director continues his services as a director of the Company. The fair value of the restricted stock was determined by the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant.

The following table summarizes restricted stock activity during the three months ended December 31, 2016:
 
Shares of Restricted Stock
 
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
Per Unit
Restricted stock at September 30, 2016
64,518

 
$
9.27

Grants

 

Vested

 

Forfeited/Canceled

 

Restricted stock at December 31, 2016
64,518

 
$
9.27


The restricted stock awards are accounted for as equity instruments, and the Company recognized compensation expense of $0.2 million as a component of Selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the three months ended December 31, 2016 related to the restricted stock. As of December 31, 2016, there was $0.3 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock, and a weighted average remaining life of 0.6 years.

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016, TPG entered into agreements with certain of the Company's officers and employees to award a total of 100,000 shares of restricted stock to such officers and employees from shares of the Company's common stock owned by TPG. These awards vest in equal amounts over a three-year period provided that such officers and employees continue their employment with the Company. The Company recognized compensation cost of $0.1 million as a component of Selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the three months ended December 31, 2016 related to these awards. As of December 31, 2016, there was $0.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to these awards, and a weighted average remaining life of 2.4 years.

While these awards were not made pursuant to the 2016 LTIP, they constitute equity-based compensation and therefore will count against the 2016 LTIP's share reserve to the extent the awards vest.

During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company granted certain employees a total of 28,000 RSUs that vest equally over a three year period on the anniversary of the grant date provided the employee remains employed by the Company. Upon vesting, the recipients will receive a share of common stock in the company for each RSU awarded. The fair value of these RSUs was determined based on the closing price of the Company’s stock on the grant date.


27


The following table summarizes restricted stock activity during the three months ended December 31, 2016:
 
RSUs
 
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
Per Unit
Unvested RSUs at September 30, 2016

 
$

Grants
28,000

 
7.28

Vested

 

Forfeited/Canceled

 

Unvested RSUs at December 31, 2016
28,000

 
$
7.28


The RSUs are accounted for as equity instruments, and the Company recognized compensation cost of less than $0.1 million as a component of Selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the three months ended December 31, 2016 related to the RSUs. As of December 31, 2016, there was $0.3 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to the RSUs, and a weighted average remaining life of 2.9 years.

The Company also awarded 10,500 phantom RSU awards and 10,000 phantom PSU awards to certain non-U.S. employees. The phantom RSUs vest equally over a three-year period on the anniversary of the grant date while the phantom PSUs vest under the same conditions as the PSU awards described above. Upon vesting and provided the employee remains employed by the Company at that time, the awards will be settled in cash. In accordance with ASC 718, these specific phantom RSU and phantom PSU awards are accounted for as a liability, with the awards remeasured at the end of each reporting period based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock or using a Monte Carlo simulation model, as applicable. Compensation expense is recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. An immaterial amount of compensation expense was recognized during three months ended December 31, 2016 related to these awards.

As of December 31, 2016, there were 7,204,482 shares of the Company’s common stock available for issuance under the 2016 LTIP.

Defined Contribution Plans

Qualifying employees of the Company are eligible to participate in the Solutions 401(k) Plan. The 401(k) Plan is a defined contribution plan designed to allow employees to make tax deferred contributions as well as company contributions, designed to assist employees of the Company and its affiliates in providing for their retirement. The Company matches 100% of employee contributions up to 4.0%. The Company makes an additional contribution to the 401(k) Plan of 1.5%, 3.0%, or 4.5%, based upon years of service of one to ten years, eleven to twenty years and twenty-one years or more, respectively. A version of the 401(k) Plan is also available for qualifying employees of the Company in its foreign subsidiaries.

The following summarizes contributions to the plans described above:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2015
Contributions recorded as a component of cost of sales and operating expenses
$
1.0

 
 
$
1.0

Contributions recorded as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses
1.6

 
 
1.5

Total contributions
$
2.6

 
 
$
2.5



28


Predecessor Equity Plan
 
The Predecessor previously issued unregistered Series B units in Holdings to directors and certain officers and employees. The units issued were initially unvested, and with respect to units issued to certain officers and employees, 50% of the Series B units would vest 20% annually over a five-year period (“Time-Based Units”) and 50% of the Series B units would vest in accordance with a performance-based schedule that was divided into five separate and equal twelve month periods (“Performance-Based Units”). The Board of Directors of the Predecessor established EBITDA-based performance targets for purposes of determining vesting of the Performance-Based Units. Further, all Performance-Based Units would automatically vest upon a liquidity event, provided the award holder remained employed through the date of the liquidity event. The Series B Units were accounted for as equity instruments, and the Predecessor recognized compensation expense of $0.3 million as a component of Selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the three months ended December 31, 2015 related to these awards.

All vested and unvested Series B units in existence as of the closing of the Business Combination were exchanged for equity interests of New Holdco, which received a portion of the consideration paid to the Selling Equityholders in the Company Merger in exchange for such Series B Units.

11. Equity

Common Stock
The authorized common stock of the Company consists of 300,000,000 shares. Holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to one vote for each share of common stock. As of December 31, 2016, there were 89,286,936 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, which includes the 12,476,250 Founder Shares.
Founder Shares
As of December 31, 2016 there were 12,476,250 Founder Shares. These Founder Shares are subject to forfeiture on the tenth anniversary of the Closing Date unless:
with respect to 50% of such Founder Shares, the last sale price of the Company’s common stock as quoted on NASDAQ equals or exceeds $12.50 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within any 30 trading day period; and
with respect to the remaining 50% of such Founder Shares, the last sale price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $15.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within any 30 trading day period; or
the post-combination company completes a liquidation, merger, stock exchange or other similar transaction that results in all or substantially all of its stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of common stock for consideration in cash, securities or other property or any transaction involving a consolidation, merger, proxy contest, tender offer or similar transaction in which the post-combination company is the surviving entity which results in a change in the majority of the Company’s board of directors or management team or the Company’s post-combination stockholders immediately prior to such transaction ceasing to own a majority of the surviving entity immediately after such transaction.
The Founder Shares will not participate in dividends or other distributions with respect to the shares prior to these targets being met, whereupon the Founder Shares shall be entitled to all dividends and distributions paid on the common stock after the Business Combination as if they had been holders of record entitled to receive distributions on the applicable record date.
Warrants
As of December 31, 2016 there were 50,025,000 warrants outstanding to purchase 25,012,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share.

29


Preferred Stock
The authorized preferred stock of the Company consists of 1,000,000 shares. As of December 31, 2016, there were no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding.
12. Earnings per Share

A reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted per share computation follows. No such computation is necessary for the Predecessor period as the Predecessor was organized as a limited liability company and did not have publicly traded common shares.

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
Basic:
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(8.3
)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period
 
76,746,168

     Net loss per common share - basic
 
$
(0.11
)
 
 
 
Diluted:
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(8.3
)
Denominator for diluted earnings per share:
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period
 
76,746,168

Incremental common shares attributable to outstanding dilutive options and unvested restricted shares
 

Denominator for diluted earnings per common share
 
76,746,168

     Net loss per common share - diluted
 
$
(0.11
)

For the three months ended December 31, 2016, there were 12,476,250 Founder Shares excluded from the basic and diluted computations because such shares were subject to forfeiture, 1,582,500 PSU awards which were not included in the computation of diluted shares outstanding because performance targets and/or market conditions were not yet met for these awards. Diluted shares outstanding also did not include 25,012,500 shares of common stock issuable on the exercise of 50,025,000 warrants because the warrants were out-of-the-money and their impact on the Company’s net loss is anti-dilutive for the three months ended December 31, 2016. As of December 31, 2016, the 64,518 shares of unvested restricted stock awards issued to directors and 28,000 shares of restricted stock units awarded to employees were not included in the diluted share calculation as their impact on the Company’s net loss would have been anti-dilutive.

13. Commitments, Contingencies and Litigation
 
Operating Leases
 
The Company is a lessee of office buildings, retail outlets, transportation equipment, warehouses and storage facilities, other equipment, facilities and properties under operating lease agreements that expire at various dates. Rent expense (including rentals under short-term leases) was $6.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and $6.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015.

Future minimum non-cancellable rental payments as of December 31, 2016 are as follows:
2017
$
14.9

2018
12.7

2019
9.5

2020
5.8

2021
5.3

Thereafter
6.0

Total
$
54.2


30



Capital Leases

The Company leases certain equipment and facilities under capital lease agreements. As of December 31, 2016 future minimum lease payments under capital leases were as follows:
2017
$
7.1

2018
7.1

2019
7.2

2020
7.0

2021
6.9

Thereafter
40.4

Total minimum capital lease payments
75.7

Less amount representing executory costs
(19.1
)
Less amount representing interest
(18.9
)
Present value of net minimum capital lease payments
$
37.7


Environmental Remediation
 
Due to the nature of its business, the Company is subject to various laws and regulations pertaining to the environment and to the sale, handling, transportation and disposal of chemicals and hazardous materials. These laws pertain to, among other things, air and water, the management of solid and hazardous wastes, transportation and human health and safety.

On March 31, 2011, the Predecessor purchased certain assets of the global distribution business (the "Distribution Business") from Ashland (the "Ashland Distribution Acquisition"), evidenced by the ADA Purchase Agreement.  In the ADA Purchase Agreement, Ashland agreed to retain all known environmental remediation liabilities ("the Retained Specified Remediation Liabilities") and other environmental remediation liabilities unknown at the closing of the Ashland Distribution Acquisition related to the Distribution Business for which Ashland receives notice prior to the fifth anniversary of the closing (the "Other Retained Remediation Liabilities") (collectively, the "Retained Remediation Liabilities").  Ashland’s liability for the Retained Remediation Liabilities is not subject to any claim thresholds or deductibles other than expenses the Predecessor incurs arising out of the Other Retained Remediation Liabilities. Had the Predecessor incurred expenses arising out of the Other Retained Remediation Liabilities, Ashland’s indemnification obligation would have been subject to an individual claim threshold of $0.2 million and an aggregate claim deductible of $5.0 million. Ashland’s indemnification obligation for the Retained Remediation Liabilities is subject to an aggregate ceiling of $75.0 million. Ashland’s indemnification obligations resulting from its breach of any representation, warranty or covenant related to environmental matters (other than for liabilities relating to taxes or the breach of any fundamental representation or warranty) are generally limited by an individual claim threshold of $0.2 million, an aggregate claim deductible of $18.6 million and a ceiling of $93.0 million. Collectively, Ashland’s indemnification obligations resulting from or relating to the Retained Remediation Liabilities, retained litigation liabilities, and the breach of Ashland’s representations, warranties and covenants contained in the ADA Purchase Agreement (other than for liabilities relating to taxes or the breach of any fundamental representation or warranty) is subject to an aggregate ceiling of $139.5 million, and Ashland’s total indemnification obligation under the ADA Purchase Agreement (other than for liabilities relating to taxes or any retained indebtedness) is subject to an aggregate ceiling in the amount of the purchase price for the Distribution Business net assets. Ashland’s indemnification obligations under the ADA Purchase Agreement as described above terminated as of March 31, 2016, other than for Retained Specified Remediation Liabilities and for Other Retained Remediation liabilities reported to Ashland prior to March 31, 2016 for which Ashland retains liability pursuant to the ADA Purchase Agreement.  As a result, any environmental remediation liabilities reported to the Company after March 31, 2016 and not arising out of a Retained Remediation Liability will be liabilities of the Company.


31


In July 2014, Ashland filed a lawsuit numbered Ashland Inc. v. Nexeo Solutions, LLC, Case No. N14C-07-243 JTV CCLD, in the Superior Court for the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County.  In the suit, Ashland seeks a declaration that, pursuant to the ADA Purchase Agreement, Solutions is obligated to indemnify Ashland for losses Ashland incurs pertaining to the Other Retained Remediation Liabilities, up to the amount of the aggregate $5.0 million deductible applicable to expenses incurred by Solutions, whether or not Solutions incurs any expenses or obtains any indemnity from Ashland.  Ashland further alleges that Solutions has breached duties related to the ADA Purchase Agreement by not having so indemnified Ashland for amounts Ashland has incurred for Other Retained Remediation Liabilities at sites where Ashland disposed of wastes prior to the Ashland Distribution Acquisition, and on that basis seeks unspecified compensatory damages, costs and attorney’s fees.  The Company disagrees with Ashland’s construction of the ADA Purchase Agreement and is vigorously defending the lawsuit. The Company does not currently have any environmental or remediation reserves for matters covered under the ADA Purchase Agreement.

The Company’s reserves will be subject to numerous uncertainties that affect its ability to accurately estimate its costs, or its share of costs if multiple parties are responsible. These uncertainties involve the legal, regulatory and enforcement parameters governing environmental assessment and remediation, the nature and extent of contamination, the extent of required remediation efforts, the choice of remediation methodology, availability of insurance coverage and, in the case of sites with multiple responsible parties, the number and financial strength of other potentially responsible parties.

Other Legal Proceedings
 
The Company is subject to various claims and legal proceedings covering a wide range of matters that arise in the ordinary course of its business activities, including product liability claims. Management believes that any liability that may ultimately result from the resolution of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company.
 
Other Contingencies
 
In June 2014, the Predecessor self-disclosed to the DTSC that an inventory of its Fairfield facility had revealed potential violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and the California Health and Safety Code. Although no formal proceeding has been initiated, the Company expects the DTSC to seek payment of fines or other penalties for non-compliance. The Company does not expect the amount of any such fine or other penalty to have a material adverse effect on its business, financial position or results of operations.

14. Related Party Transactions
 
Contingent Consideration Obligations Pursuant to the TRA and the Merger Agreement

Subsequent to the Business Combination, TPG beneficially owns approximately 35% of the Company’s common stock, including Founder Shares, and is considered a related party of the Successor. In connection with the Business Combination, TPG became a party to the TRA and obtained the right to receive the Deferred Cash Consideration pursuant to the Merger Agreement. The fair value of these contingent consideration liabilities was $129.0 million as of December 31, 2016, and is recorded in Due to related party pursuant to contingent consideration obligations on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. See Note 3 and Note 9.

Predecessor - Other Agreements with TPG

The Predecessor entered into agreements with TPG, including a management services agreement pursuant to which the Predecessor paid TPG management fees and also consulting fees for services provided. The fees incurred in connection with this agreement were recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As a result of the Business Combination on the Closing Date, TPG and the Predecessor terminated the management services agreement and their rights and obligations thereunder.


32


The table below summarizes activity recorded during the respective periods related to the items described above:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Sales to TPG related entities
$
0.7

 
 
$
1.0

Amounts included in Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
Management fees to TPG
$

 
 
$
0.9

Consulting fees to TPG
$

 
 
$
0.1


There were no purchases from TPG related entities in the Successor or Predecessor periods.

TPG related entities owed the Company $0.7 million at December 31, 2016 and $0.6 million at September 30, 2016 which were included in Accounts and notes receivable in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

15. Income Taxes
 
The Company and its two active U.S. corporate subsidiaries, Blocker and Sub Holding, were both incorporated in the U.S. and as such are subject to U.S. income taxes. The Company and Blocker will file a consolidated U.S. Federal income tax return and both will file various state returns. Sub Holding will file a separate U.S. Federal income tax return and various state tax returns. The Company’s controlled foreign corporations are subject to taxation at the entity level in their respective jurisdictions.

Holdings is organized as a limited liability company and is taxed as a partnership for U.S. income tax purposes. As such, with the exception of a limited number of state and local jurisdictions, Holdings is not subject to U.S. income taxes. Accordingly, Blocker and Nexeo Solutions, Inc. report their share of Holdings’ taxable income earned after the Closing Date on their respective U.S. federal tax return.

Income tax benefit for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was $2.7 million on a pre-tax loss of $11.0 million for the Successor compared to the income tax expense of $1.3 million on pre-tax income of $5.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015 for the Predecessor. The current period tax benefit was largely attributable to income tax benefits on U.S. operations related to deferred taxes. The prior period tax expense was largely attributed to foreign income tax expense on profitable foreign operations.

For all periods, the Company computed the provision for income taxes based on the actual year-to-date effective tax rate by applying the discrete method.  Use of the annual effective tax rate, which relies on accurate projections by legal entity of income earned and taxed in foreign jurisdictions, as well as accurate projections by legal entity of permanent and temporary differences, was not considered a reliable estimate for purposes of calculating year-to-date income tax expense.

At December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, the valuation allowance was $3.2 million and $2.8 million, respectively, primarily relating to Nexeo Plaschem operations. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Based upon management’s expectations at December 31, 2016, management believes it is more likely than not that it will realize the majority of its deferred tax assets.

Uncertain Tax Positions

U.S. GAAP prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the accounting and financial statement disclosure of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The evaluation of a tax position is a two-step process.  The first step requires the Company to determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position.  The second step requires the Company to recognize in the financial statements each tax position that meets the more likely than not criteria, measured as the amount of benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. Differences between the amount of tax benefits taken or expected to be taken in the income tax returns and the amount of tax benefits recognized in the financial statements represent the Company’s unrecognized income tax benefits, which are recorded as a liability, with the long-term portion included in Other non-current liabilities and the current portion included in Accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet.

33



The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions, if any, as a component of Income tax expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. There was an insignificant amount of interest and penalties recognized during all periods. As of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, the Company had $0.6 million and $1.2 million, respectively, related to uncertain tax positions, including related accrued interest and penalties. This decrease was related to the release of uncertain tax provisions from the prior year and lapses in statutory tax periods.

The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in various state and foreign jurisdictions. Within the U.S., the Company is subject to federal and state income tax examination by tax authorities for periods after December 2012. With respect to countries outside of the U.S., with certain exceptions, the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are subject to income tax audits for years after 2011.

16. Segment and Geographic Data
 
The Company operates through three lines of business, or operating segments: Chemicals, Plastics and Environmental Services, which market to different sets of customers operating in an array of industries, with various end markets and customer segments within those industries. For segment presentation and disclosure purposes, the Chemicals and Plastics lines of business constitute separate reportable segments while the Environmental Services line of business, which does not meet the materiality threshold for separate disclosure and the historical composites products sales in Asia are combined in an "Other" segment.

Each line of business represents unique products and suppliers, and each line of business focuses on specific end markets within its industry based on a variety of factors, including supplier or customer opportunities, expected growth and prevailing economic conditions. Across the Chemicals and Plastics lines of business there are numerous industry segments, end markets and sub markets that the Company may choose to focus on. These end markets may change from year to year depending on the underlying market economics, supplier focus, expected profitability and the Company’s strategic agenda.
 
The Chemicals, Plastics and Environmental Services lines of business compete with national, regional and local companies throughout North America. Additionally, the Chemicals and Plastics lines of business compete with other distribution companies in Asia. The Plastics line of business also competes with other distribution companies in EMEA. Competition within each line of business is based primarily on the diversity of the product portfolio, service offerings, reliability of services and supply, technical support, price and delivery capabilities. The accounting policies used to account for transactions in each of the lines of business are the same as those used to account for transactions at the corporate level.
 
The Chemicals and Plastics lines of business are distribution businesses, while the Environmental Services line of business provides hazardous and non-hazardous waste collection, recovery, recycling and arrangement for disposal services.
 
A brief description of each segment follows:
  
Chemicals. The Chemicals line of business distributes specialty and industrial chemicals, additives and solvents to industrial users via railcars, barges, bulk tanker trucks and as packaged goods in trucks. The Company’s chemical products are distributed in more than 50 countries worldwide, primarily in North America and Asia. In connection with the distribution of chemicals products, the Company provides value-added services such as custom blending, packaging and re-packaging, private-label manufacturing and product testing in the form of chemical analysis, product performance analysis and product development. While the Chemicals line of business serves multiple end markets, key end markets within the industrial space are household, industrial and institutional, performance coatings (including architectural coatings, adhesives, sealants and elastomers), lubricants, oil and gas and personal care.
 
Plastics. The Plastics line of business distributes a broad product line consisting of commodity polymer products and prime engineering resins to plastics processors engaged in blow molding, extrusion, injection molding and rotation molding via railcars, bulk trucks, truckload boxes and less-than-truckload quantities. The Company's plastics products are distributed in more than 50 countries worldwide, primarily in North America, EMEA and Asia. The Plastics line of business serves a broad cross section of industrial segments with a current focus on the healthcare and automotive end markets.
 
Other. The Environmental Services line of business, in connection with certain waste disposal service companies, provides customers with comprehensive on-site and off-site hazardous and non-hazardous waste collection, recovery and arrangement for disposal services or recycling in North America, primarily in the U.S. These environmental services are offered through the Company’s network of distribution facilities which are used as transfer facilities or through a staff of dedicated on-site waste professionals.

34


 
The Chief Executive Officer is the Chief Operating Decision Maker. The Chief Operating Decision Maker reviews operating results in order to make decisions, assess performance and allocate resources to each line of business. In order to maintain the focus on line of business performance, certain expenses are excluded from the line of business results utilized by the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker in evaluating line of business performance. These expenses include certain depreciation and amortization, selling, general and administrative expense, corporate items such as transaction related costs, interest and income tax expense. These items are separately delineated to reconcile to reported net income. No single customer accounted from more than 10% of revenues for any line of business for each of the periods reported. Intersegment revenues were insignificant.
 
Certain assets are aggregated at the line of business level. The assets attributable to the Company’s lines of business, that are reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker, consist of trade accounts receivable, inventories, goodwill and any specific assets that are otherwise directly associated with a line of business. The Company’s inventory of packaging materials and containers as well as property, plant and equipment are generally not allocated to a line of business and are included in unallocated assets.

Summarized financial information relating to the Company’s lines of business is as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
Sales and operating revenues
 
 
 
 
Chemicals
$
352.4

 
 
$
378.7

Plastics
412.5

 
 
418.5

Other
29.9

 
 
30.5

Total sales and operating revenues
$
794.8

 
 
$
827.7

Gross profit
 
 
 
 
Chemicals
$
42.7

 
 
$
47.3

Plastics
36.0

 
 
40.6

Other
5.7

 
 
7.3

Total gross profit
$
84.4

 
 
$
95.2

Selling, general & administrative expenses
74.5

 
 
74.7

Transaction related costs
0.8

 
 
1.0

Change in fair value related to contingent consideration obligations
10.6

 
 

Operating income (loss)
(1.5
)
 
 
19.5

Other income
2.4

 
 
1.7

Interest income (expense)
 
 
 
 
Interest income
0.1

 
 

Interest expense
(12.0
)
 
 
(15.6
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
$
(11.0
)
 
 
$
5.6


 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
IDENTIFIABLE ASSETS
 

 
 

Chemicals
$
646.0

 
$
656.8

Plastics
677.2

 
708.7

Other
83.1

 
85.0

Total identifiable assets by reportable segment
1,406.3

 
1,450.5

Unallocated assets
624.1

 
628.4

Total assets
$
2,030.4

 
$
2,078.9



35


Goodwill amounts by reportable segment at December 31, 2016 are based on the preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration of the Business Combination as of the Closing Date. Accordingly, the amounts allocated to goodwill are subject to adjustments that could have a material impact on total goodwill and goodwill by reportable segment. See Note 3.

Revenues by geographic location, based on the jurisdiction of the subsidiary entity receiving revenue credit for the sale, are presented below:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2015
U.S.
$
587.4

 
 
$
625.4

Canada
36.9

 
 
36.0

Other North America
12.5

 
 
12.4

Total North America Operations
$
636.8

 
 
$
673.8

EMEA
96.9

 
 
104.7

Asia
61.1

 
 
49.2

Total
$
794.8

 
 
$
827.7

 


36


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016 filed with the SEC on December 8, 2016. This discussion contains forward-looking statements reflecting our current expectations, estimates and assumptions concerning events and financial trends that may affect our future operating results or financial position. Actual results and the timing of events may differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including those discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Statements” elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. 

The terms “the Company,” “us,” “our” and “we” and similar terms in this report refer to Nexeo Solutions, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
 
Overview
 
The Company is the result of the Business Combination between WLRH and Holdings that closed on June 9, 2016 and is referred to as the “Successor.” The “Predecessor” financial information reflects the operations of Holdings prior to the Closing Date of the Business Combination.

We are a global distributor of chemicals products in North America and Asia and plastics products in North America, EMEA, and Asia. In connection with the distribution of chemicals products, we provide value-added services such as custom blending, packaging and repackaging, private-label manufacturing and product testing in the form of chemical analysis, product performance analysis and product development. We also provide environmental services, including waste collection, recovery and arrangement for disposal services and recycling in North America, primarily in the U.S., through our Environmental Services line of business.

We have long-standing relationships with major chemicals and plastics producers and suppliers, a strong geographic presence and supply chain network and a relatively stable customer base that benefits from the service and distribution value we provide. The products we distribute are used in a broad cross section of manufacturing industries, in various end markets and customer segments within those industries, including the household, industrial and institutional, lubricants, performance coatings (including architectural coatings, adhesives, sealants and elastomers), automotive, healthcare, personal care, oil and gas and construction end markets.
 
We distribute our broad product portfolio through a supply chain consisting of approximately 170 owned, leased or third-party warehouses, rail terminals and tank terminals globally with a private fleet of approximately 1,000 units, primarily in North America.

We currently employ approximately 2,550 employees globally.

Segment Overview
 
We are organized into three lines of business, or operating segments: Chemicals, Plastics and Environmental Services. Our lines of business market to different sets of customers operating in an array of industries, with various end markets and customer segments within those industries. For segment presentation and disclosure purposes, our Chemicals and Plastics lines of business constitute separate reportable segments while the Environmental Services line of business, which does not meet the materiality threshold for separate disclosure is included in the "Other" segment.

A brief description of each of our lines of business follows:
 
Chemicals. The Chemicals line of business distributes specialty and industrial chemicals, additives and solvents to industrial users via railcars, barges, bulk tanker trucks, and as packaged goods in trucks. While our chemicals products are distributed in more than 50 countries worldwide, we primarily distribute our chemicals products in North America and Asia. In connection with the distribution of chemicals products, we provide value-added services such as custom blending, packaging and re-packaging, private-label manufacturing and product testing in the form of chemical analysis, product performance analysis and product development. While our Chemicals line of business serves multiple end markets, key end markets within the industrial space are household, industrial and institutional, performance coatings (including architectural coatings, adhesives, sealants and elastomers), lubricants, oil and gas and personal care.
 

37


Plastics. The Plastics line of business distributes a broad product line consisting of commodity polymer products and prime engineering resins to plastics processors engaged in blow molding, extrusion, injection molding and rotation molding via railcars, bulk trucks, truckload boxes and less-than-truckload quantities. While our plastics products are distributed in more than 50 countries worldwide, we primarily distribute our plastics products in North America, EMEA and Asia. The Plastics line of business serves a broad cross section of industrial segments with a current focus on the healthcare and automotive end markets.

Environmental Services. The Environmental Services line of business, in connection with certain waste disposal service companies, provides customers with comprehensive on-site and off-site hazardous and non-hazardous waste collection, recovery and arrangement for disposal services or recycling in North America, primarily in the U.S. These environmental services are offered through our network of distribution facilities which are used as transfer facilities or through a staff of dedicated on-site waste professionals.

Key Factors Affecting our Results of Operations and Financial Condition
 
General and regional economic conditions. The consumption of chemicals and plastics in the broad industry segments and end markets that we serve generally corresponds to the level of production of goods and services in the global economy, amplified by the regional economies where we have commercial operations. As a result, when general economic conditions improve or deteriorate, our volumes tend to fluctuate accordingly. We manage our cost structure in line with general economic conditions, but our volumes and profitability are ultimately correlated with the underlying demand for the end-products of the industries we serve.

Price fluctuations. The prices at which we resell the products we distribute in our Chemicals and Plastics lines of business generally fluctuate in accordance with the prices that we pay for these products. Product prices we pay are largely driven by the underlying global and regional economic conditions that drive the prices of two primary raw materials of production: crude oil (primarily naphtha) and natural gas (primarily ethane). These two raw material sources are used in the production of propylene and ethylene which are key feedstocks used in over 90% of organic-based commodity and specialty chemicals, as well as in the subsequent production of the intermediate plastics products we distribute. The prices of these feedstocks are also affected by other factors including choices made by feedstock producers for uses of these feedstocks (e.g., as an ingredient in gasoline versus a feedstock to the chemical industry), the capacity devoted to production of these feedstocks and other macroeconomic factors that impact the producers. As a distributor, the prices of these feedstocks are not in our control. However, we are generally able to pass on finished good price increases and decreases to our customers in accordance with the fluctuations in our product costs and transportation-related costs (e.g., fuel costs). As a result, movements in our sales revenue and cost of sales tend to correspond with changes in our product prices. Additionally, as capacity or demand patterns change, we typically experience a corresponding change in the average selling prices of the products we distribute. Our gross profit margins generally decrease in deflationary price environments because we are selling inventory that was previously purchased at higher prices. Alternatively, our gross profit margins generally increase during inflationary pricing environments because we are able to sell inventory that was previously purchased at lower prices. The extent to which profitability increases or decreases, however, also depends on the relative speed at which selling prices adjust in relation to inventory costs. As a logistics provider, oil price movements also typically impact our transportation and delivery costs.

Volume based pricing. We generally procure chemicals and plastics raw materials through purchase orders rather than under long-term contracts with firm commitments. Our arrangements with key producers and suppliers are typically embodied in agreements that we refer to as framework supply agreements. We work to develop strong relationships with a select group of producers and suppliers that complement our strategy based on a number of factors, including price, breadth of product offering, quality, market recognition, delivery terms and schedules, continuity of supply and each producer’s strategic positioning. Our framework supply agreements with producers and suppliers typically renew annually and, while they generally do not provide for specific product pricing, some, primarily those related to our Chemicals line of business, include volume-based financial incentives through supplier rebates, which we earn by meeting or exceeding target purchase volumes.

Inflation. Our average selling prices generally rise in inflationary price environments as producers and suppliers raise the market prices of the products that we distribute. During inflationary periods our customers maximize the amount of inventory they carry in anticipation of even higher prices and consequently, this environment of excess demand favorably impacts our volumes sold, revenues and gross profit due to the lag between rising prices and our cost of goods sold. The reverse is true in deflationary price environments. Deflationary forces create an environment of overcapacity, driving market prices of products downward, and we must quickly adjust inventories and buying patterns to respond to price declines. Our primary objective is to replace inventories at lower costs while maintaining or enhancing unit profitability.


38


Some of our assets and liabilities, primarily cash, receivables, inventories and accounts payable, are impacted by commodity price inflation because they are indirectly affected by market prices of raw materials for our products. However, to the extent that we are able to manage our working capital in periods of changing prices, the overall impact of inflation on our net working capital is generally not significant.

Currency exchange rate fluctuations. We conduct our business on an international basis in multiple currencies. A portion of our sales and costs of sales are denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of our subsidiaries. Strengthening of our subsidiaries’ functional currency relative to the other currencies in which some transactions are denominated creates a negative impact on sales, but a positive impact on costs. Additionally, because we report our consolidated results in U.S. dollars, the results of operations and the financial position of our local international operations, which are generally reported in the relevant local currencies, are translated into U.S. dollars at the applicable exchange rates for inclusion in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to our subsidiaries’ functional currencies causes a negative impact on sales but a positive impact on costs.

Outlook

General. We have operations in North America, EMEA and Asia. As a result, our business is subject to broad, global and regional macroeconomic factors. These factors include:

the general state of the economy, specifically inflationary or deflationary trends, GDP growth rates and commodity/feedstock price movements;

unemployment levels;

government regulation and changes in governments;

fiscal and monetary policies of governments, including import and export tariffs, duties and other taxes;

general income growth and the consumption rates of products; and

rates of technological change in the industries we serve.

We monitor these factors routinely for both strategic and operational impacts.

Our operations are most impacted by regional market price fluctuations of the primary feedstock materials, including crude oil and natural gas, and the downstream derivatives of these primary raw materials. Market price fluctuations of these primary raw materials directly impact the decisions of our product suppliers, specifically the manufacturing capacity made available for production of the products we distribute. As capacity or demand patterns change, we may experience a corresponding change in the average selling prices of the products we distribute.

The global markets have stabilized during the first quarter of our fiscal year 2017 and the decline in U.S. industrial production has slowed. However, global market pricing remains weak as supply and demand imbalances continue to create pricing compression which negatively impacts gross margin on the products we distribute. Nonetheless, through our diversified customer base and use of our proprietary pricing tool we have been able to mitigate some of the effects of the global market environment.


39


The following is a summary of GDP, oil price and U.S. Industrial Production Index fluctuations in our various regions of operations by fiscal quarter.
 
 
Q1 17 v Q1 16
 
Q4 16 v Q4 15
 
Q3 16 v Q3 15
 
Q2 16 v Q2 15
North America
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. GDP Growth
 
1.9
 %
 
1.7
 %
 
1.3
 %
 
1.6
 %
U.S. Industrial Production Index
 
(0.3
)%
 
(1.0
)%
 
(1.1
)%
 
(1.6
)%
West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Average Price Increase (Decrease)
 
16.9
 %
 
(3.4
)%
 
(21.2
)%
 
(30.8
)%
EMEA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Euro Area GDP Growth
 
1.8
 %
 
1.8
 %
 
1.6
 %
 
1.7
 %
Brent Crude Oil Average Price Increase (Decrease)
 
14.3
 %
 
(8.4
)%
 
(25.9
)%
 
(36.1
)%
Asia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
China GDP Growth (1)
 
6.7
 %
 
6.7
 %
 
6.7
 %
 
6.7
 %
(1) As reported by the Chinese government.

Overall GDP growth remains below 2.0% for many of the countries in which we operate. The stagnant economic environment translated into flat sales volumes, while oversupply drove lower average selling prices during the three months ended December 31, 2016 as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. In terms of currency, the U.S. dollar has continued to strengthen over the prior comparable period against most other currencies in which we transact. As a result of these factors, reported dollar revenues and gross profit have been negatively impacted in many of our regional operations.

North America

The North American economic environment continued to stabilize during the first quarter of fiscal year 2017. U.S. GDP has increased in the first fiscal quarter of 2017 as compared to first fiscal quarter of 2016, and the inflation rate has increased to 2.1% for the first fiscal quarter of 2017, driven in part by energy prices.
 
In terms of currency, the strength of the CAD remained unchanged when compared against the U.S. dollar in the first fiscal quarter of 2017 following slight declines during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016. The Peso weakened in value against the U.S. dollar in the first fiscal quarter of 2017, although the impact associated with this weakening has not been material to our results of operations.
 
EMEA

In Europe, we conduct business primarily in the Western European countries. Economic growth in Europe is expected to continue at a modest pace through 2018. Overall GDP growth has remained slow with many Western European nations experiencing growth below 3.0%.
 
In terms of currency, the euro and the other European currencies weakened versus the U.S. dollar in the first fiscal quarter of 2017 following declines during fiscal year 2016, which affected among other items, the reported dollar revenues and gross profit from our European operations.
 
The market prices for the products we sell in Europe are typically correlated to the cost of Brent Crude as these operations are primarily based on the distribution of commodity plastics products and most products are sourced in Europe. However, while oil prices have increased during the first fiscal quarter of 2017, the oversupply in the market has not allowed average selling prices to increase.

Asia

Our operations in Asia are concentrated mainly in China. Recent GDP growth in China, as reported by the Chinese government, has remained flat, primarily due to weaker manufacturing, construction and exports, slightly offset by a growth in services and consumption.
 
In terms of currency, the RMB continued to decline against the U.S. dollar during the first fiscal quarter of 2017 following declines during fiscal year 2016, which affected, among other items, the reported dollar revenues and gross profit from our operations in China.

40



Strategic Initiatives

We are focused on initiatives to enhance growth and profitability, including:

growing organically by increasing the breadth and depth of our specialty capabilities, expanding our suite of value-added services and driving scale enhancements;

complementing organic growth by pursuing attractive merger and acquisition opportunities and delivering value creation by leveraging our centralized platform while achieving increased geographic reach and providing enhanced product/service offerings;

expanding margins through mix enhancement, disciplined pricing execution, platform scalability and end market diversification;

maintaining our efforts on cost improvement through execution of our transportation strategy, warehouse productivity gains, corporate selling, general and administrative operational efficiencies and optimization of our customer coverage model;

achieving our operational return goals by maximizing cash conversion, optimizing our working capital requirements and maintaining an asset-lite model; and

attracting and retaining the talent we need to maintain the capabilities that define a market leader.

Certain Factors Affecting Comparability to Prior Period Financial Results
 
Prior to the Business Combination, WLRH operated as a special purpose acquisition company formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses or assets. After the Business Combination our results of operations are not directly comparable to historical results of the operations for the periods presented, primarily because:

In connection with the Business Combination, certain assets and liabilities had fair value adjustments applied to the Predecessor’s condensed consolidated financial statements on the Closing Date, most notably:
Intangible assets;
Plant, property and equipment;
Goodwill; and
Taxes

Further, in connection with the Business Combination, we have recognized certain contingent liabilities. See Note 3 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

As a result of the factors listed above, historical results of operations and other financial data, as well as period-to-period comparisons of these results, may not be comparable or indicative of future operating results or future financial condition.


41


Results of Operations
     
Three Months Ended December 31, 2016 (Successor) compared with Three Months Ended December 31, 2015 (Predecessor)

The Successor and Predecessor periods include operating results for the full three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
 
 
 
 
Percentage of Sales and Operating Revenues For the
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
 
Period Over Period Favorable (Unfavorable)
 
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
Sales and operating revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chemicals
$
352.4

 
 
$
378.7

 
$
(26.3
)
 
(6.9
)%
 
44.3
 %
 
45.8
 %
Plastics
412.5

 
 
418.5

 
(6.0
)
 
(1.4
)%
 
51.9
 %
 
50.6
 %
Other
29.9

 
 
30.5

 
(0.6
)
 
(2.0
)%
 
3.8
 %
 
3.6
 %
Total sales and operating revenues
$
794.8

 
 
$
827.7

 
$
(32.9
)
 
(4.0
)%
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chemicals
$
42.7

 
 
$
47.3

 
$
(4.6
)
 
(9.7
)%
 
12.1
 %
 
12.5
 %
Plastics
36.0

 
 
40.6

 
(4.6
)
 
(11.3
)%
 
8.7
 %
 
9.7
 %
Other
5.7

 
 
7.3

 
(1.6
)
 
(21.9
)%
 
19.1
 %
 
23.9
 %
Total gross profit
$
84.4

 
 
$
95.2

 
$
(10.8
)
 
(11.3
)%
 
10.6
 %
 
11.5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
$
74.5

 
 
$
74.7

 
$
0.2

 
0.3
 %
 
9.4
 %
 
9.0
 %
Transaction related costs
0.8

 
 
1.0

 
0.2

 
20.0
 %
 
0.1
 %
 
0.1
 %
Change in fair value of contingent consideration obligations
10.6

 
 

 
(10.6
)
 
*

 
1.3
 %
 
 %
Operating income (loss)
(1.5
)
 
 
19.5

 
(21.0
)
 
(107.7
)%
 
(0.2
)%
 
2.4
 %
Other income
2.4

 
 
1.7

 
0.7

 
41.2
 %
 
0.3
 %
 
0.2
 %
Interest expense, net
(11.9
)
 
 
(15.6
)
 
3.7

 
23.7
 %
 
(1.5
)%
 
(1.9
)%
Income (loss) before income taxes
(11.0
)
 
 
5.6

 
(16.6
)
 
(296.4
)%
 
(1.4
)%
 
0.7
 %
Income tax expense (benefit)
(2.7
)
 
 
1.3

 
4.0

 
*

 
(0.3
)%
 
0.2
 %
Net income (loss)
$
(8.3
)
 
 
$
4.3

 
$
(12.6
)
 
(293.0
)%
 
(1.0
)%
 
0.5
 %
 

*      Not meaningful
 
Sales and operating revenues
 
Sales and operating revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2016 decreased $32.9 million, or 4.0% as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. The decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to declines in average selling prices in both chemicals and plastics of 4.4% resulting from oversupply market conditions caused by weaker industrial demand. Furthermore, revenue decreased $6.7 million, as a result of the weakening of the exchange rates of various currencies versus the U.S. dollar as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

Chemicals

Sales and operating revenues for the Chemicals line of business for the three months ended December 31, 2016 decreased $26.3 million, or 6.9% as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. This revenue decrease was primarily attributable to a decline of 4.8% in average selling prices across multiple product lines as a result of excess market supply and a 2.2% decline in sales volumes in North America and Asia caused by continued sluggish demand.


42


Plastics

Sales and operating revenues for the Plastics line of business for the three months ended December 31, 2016 decreased $6.0 million, or 1.4% as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. This revenue decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in average selling prices of 5.0% across all of our operating regions as a result of lower commodity product prices partially offset by an increase in volume of 3.8%. To a lesser extent, revenues also decreased in North America due to a supplier disruption which resulted in limited availability to us of certain products we distribute on a regular basis. Additionally, revenue decreased $6.1 million as a result of the weakening of the exchange rates of various currencies versus the U.S. dollar compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

Other
 
Sales and operating revenues for the Other segment for the three months ended December 31, 2016 decreased $0.6 million, or 2.0% as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. The decrease in revenues was primarily due to a shift in service mix toward on-site services during the period as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

Gross profit

Gross profit declined $10.8 million or 11.3% for the three months ended December 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. The decrease in gross profit was primarily due to lower average selling prices as previously mentioned. Gross profit as a percentage of sales for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was 10.6% as compared to 11.5% for the three months ended December 31, 2015. Furthermore, gross profit decreased $0.6 million, as a result of the weakening of the exchange rates of various currencies versus the U.S. dollar as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

Chemicals

Gross profit declined $4.6 million or 9.7% for the three months ended December 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. Gross profit as a percentage of sales for the Chemicals line of business for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was 12.1% as compared to 12.5% for the three months ended December 31, 2015. The decrease in gross profit was primarily attributable to the decline in volumes and average selling prices. Furthermore, there was additional depreciation expense of approximately $1.3 million during the current period negatively affecting gross profit driven by the step up in fair value of property, plant and equipment as a result of the Business Combination. The decrease in gross profit was partially mitigated by product mix favorability, pricing initiatives and supply chain efficiencies.

Plastics

Gross profit declined $4.6 million or 11.3% for the three months ended December 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. Gross profit as a percentage of sales for the Plastics line of business for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was 8.7% as compared to 9.7% for the three months ended December 31, 2015. The decrease was primarily attributable to price compression associated with an excess supply in the market for certain commodity products and the impact of the weakening of the exchange rates of various currencies versus the U.S. dollar of $0.5 million as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. Additionally, there was a supplier disruption in North America resulting in limited availability to us of certain products we distribute on a regular basis. Furthermore, there was additional depreciation expense of approximately $0.5 million during the period negatively affecting gross profit driven by the step up in fair value of property, plant and equipment as a result of the Business Combination. The decrease in gross profit was partially mitigated by pricing initiatives and supply chain efficiencies.

Other

Gross profit declined $1.6 million or 21.9% for the three months ended December 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. Gross profit as a percentage of sales for the Other segment for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was 19.1% as compared to 23.9% for the three months ended December 31, 2015. The decrease in gross profit was primarily due to a highly competitive marketplace and a shift in service mix toward on-site services during the period as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.
.


43


Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2016 decreased $0.2 million, or 0.3% as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2015. This decrease was primarily driven by lower marketing and travel costs of $0.8 million and lower consulting costs of approximately $0.5 million as a result of continued execution of productivity and cost management initiatives. These decreases were partially offset by increased depreciation and amortization expense of approximately $1.1 million primarily as a result of the Business Combination. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2016 included certain reorganization expenses of approximately $1.7 million.

Transaction related costs
 
We incurred transaction related costs of $0.8 million and $1.0 million in the three months ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, related to the Business Combination.

Changes in fair value of contin